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Causes Russian Revolution 1917 Essay

What Were The Causes Of The Russian Revolution Essay examples

1231 Words5 Pages

Before the war.

Before the war, there were lots of problems

which led up to the revolution and we call them

the long term causes. The peasants working and

living conditions were very bad but the

government made it even worse by its own

policies. Russia needed to develop its industries,

so that it was a modern agricultural country

instead of a backward one and also to remain in

an important military power. To aid this dilemma

the government invested in enormous amounts of

money in improving Russia’s industries. Where

did most of this money come from? From the

pockets of the people in Russia!

To do this, the peasants had to pay huge taxes

not only on grain but on nearly all everyday items

such as alcohol and…show more content…

Politically, Russia was very unstable as the

people had lost a lot of respect for the

government and the Tzar. When the Tzar started

to use the Dumas people began to wonder

whether they would have any real power. By the

Dumas first meeting it was clear. They could not

pass laws, they could not appoint ministers and

they could not control finance in such important

areas as defence. Was there much point in them

if the Tzar did not like what they were doing or

proposing to do, he could dissolve them?? So, no.

In my opinion the peoples views were not being

heard through the Dumas. There are lots of

opinions as whether the Tzar was fit to rule

Russia. In my opinion, the Tzar was not fit to rule

Russia but this was by no means his own fault.

He was taught as a soldier and he was not taught

to act and behave like a king so it was his

statesmanship that was at fault, not him himself!!

The War.

The war did not only effect the army but the

people at home. Food was getting short, all the

male peasants had to be taken off to the army so

only women and invalids were left to tend the

farms, shops .etc. All the working trains were

being put to use for the war effort so food was

not getting through from other places. Nearly all

unnecessary factories in the cities were closed

so that furthed in another massive

unemployment. People were not getting coal and

wood to burn because the

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The Causes Of The Russian Revolution In 1917

The Tsar was forced to abdicate in February 1917, bringing an end to the Tsarist system of government in Russia. A system much like the ancien regime in France, that lasted centuries, was replaced by a Provisional Government led by Prince Lvov and predominantly by liberals, and shortly after the Bolsheviks seized power. The causes of the tsarist system's collapse are numerous and, as always in History, cannot be explained by one event in particular. However it is clear that the political and economic situations as well as the social and military situation are the main reasons of this Revolution. In this essay I will analyse in detail the reasons why the 1917 Russian Revolution broke out and look at the various events which led to it.

Firstly, the causes of this Revolution could be divided in two parts. The first one is the situation after the 1905 Revolution and the second one is the beginning of the First World War and the situation in 1914 and after.

Indeed, there was quite a considerable amount of unrest during the period leading up to the World War, in relation to Russia's social, economic, military, and political situation, illustrated namely by the 1905 revolution. The economic boom due to industrialisation in the last decade of the 19th century meant that the number of industrial workers increased by a million and the cities were flooded with factory workers. Russian cities had not been prepared for such vast numbers, and workers were forced to live in terrible slums. Their working conditions added to their growing discontent and in 1905 factory workers organised many strikes in order to obtain reduced working hours and better wages. The peasantry was living in a similar period of crisis. Rising taxes, increasing debts and inadequate resources brought about in part by industrialisation, saw the majority of peasants' living standards fall significantly. They were overburdened and the famines at the turn of the century worsened the plight of an already desperate peasantry. The increasing amount of discontent from the working class created a sense of instability and when the 1905 revolution broke out, Karl Marx, who had said in the 1850s that the working classes would come together and rise against their autocratic governments in order to overthrow them, seemed to be quite correct.

Industrialisation seemed to provide many opponents to the Tsar. In addition to the industrial workers and the peasants, there were the Zemstvos, usually members of the educated Russian middle class, who were liberals with moderate ideas and grievances. The period of the countries industrialisation brought increased contact with western ideas on society and politics. The Zemstvos discussed Russia's political future and were indeed also know as the "Westernisers",...

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