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Changes In The Victorian Age Essay

Effects Of Industrialization In The Victorian Age

The Victorian Era of England which lasted from 1833 to 1901 had many long standing effects on culture today. A reflection of the different struggles can be seen in the literature filling the period. Industrialization was beginning to take shape, leading to the Britain becoming an empire. Many of the effects of the changing customs and technology of this period are seen in the literature read today. Each different type of literature can give insight to a positive or negative effect of the time. Naturalism, Realism, and Romanticism are three common ways to see these effects.
Naturalism uses science in literature and is often gritty in its nature (Kinsella 857). This was a very new approach to literature. Charles Dickens often used this idea of the life and its hardships for his works. In Great Expectations, he uses Pip’s impoverishment to rely the type of poverty present in London during this era. Likewise Rudyard Kipling uses some of his works such as The Widow at Windsor to show how death effects even a queen and the strength she has. Kipling does this not by praising her greatness, but he pities that she must face each day with no support from her late husband (Kinsella 935-936). This naturalist approach to literature respected the struggles the working class went through such as the lack of ability to compete with machines (Nardo 14).
Another look into the Industrial Revolution is through realist literature. Realism looks at ordinary situations from ordinary people’s perspective. This epoch of history is the time of common man. First marked by the revolution of the poor French, the changing atmosphere of the Victorian age is reflective in literature. In Gerald Manley Hopkins’ poem “God’s Grandeur”, the author shows a realistic look at how industrialization is leading to a loss of God in society (Kinsella 981). Another view on the realistic changes in Europe was an essay by Sydney Smith called “Progress in Personal Comfort”. Smith takes a surprising look at the rapid change as something good. He uses a realistic view, but unlike other authors of the time he enjoys and welcomes the new innovations (Kinsella 954-956).
The...

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The Victorian Age Essay

1325 words - 5 pages The Victorian Age of Literature “It was the best of times; it was the worst of times…it was the spring of hope, it was the winter of despair” (Dickens n. pag.). These words by Charles Dickens, one of the most famous writers of the Victorian Period, were intended to show the connections between the French Revolution and the decline of Dickens’s own time, the Victorian Era (“About” n.pag.). Dickens wanted to show how the trends of his time were...

Effects of Industrialization and the Conditions of the Working Class in England

1347 words - 5 pages Effects of Industrialization and the Conditions of the Working Class in England In the middle of the 19th century the industrial revolution was flourishing in England. With all of the advancements in machinery there would be new opportunities and drawbacks for citizens. Many would leave their lives on the farms and work in factories with unsafe settings. Karl Marx felt that the new advancements in society were able to support the...

How Literature was Affected in the Victorian Age

1629 words - 7 pages The Year 1837 was very significant. It was not only the year that Queen Victoria acceded the throne, but also the year that a new literary age was coined. The Victorian Age, more formally known, was a time of great prosperity in Great Britain's literature(Keach 608). The Victorian Age produced a variety of changes. Political and social reform produced a variety of reading among all classes(Stuart 5). The lower-class became more self-conscious,...

"The Age of Innocence" - Women's Struggle With Victorian Dogma

800 words - 3 pages Unlike Fitzgerald’s The Great Gatsby and Kästner’s Fabian, Edith Wharton’s Pulitzer Prize winning work, The Age of Innocence (1920) is not set after World War I. In fact, her work is set prior to it at the turn of the century. She describes Old New York from late 19th and early 20th century in great detail, “New York society and customs…are described with an accuracy that is almost uncanny: to read these pages is to live again.” She also looks...

The positive and negative effects of Russian Industrialization

526 words - 2 pages Industrialization has been a key factor in the development of nations worldwide. Like every movement, industrialization is followed by both positive and negative effects. The industrialization of Russia was no exception to this theory.In 1861, under the rule of Alexander II, Russia moved into an active period of social and political reform that established the base for industrialization. It wasn't until the 1890's that Russia finally...

The Romantic Age vs. The Victorian Period

1196 words - 5 pages The Romantic Age and Victorian Period had many similarities, but they had just as many or more differences. They first differed in rule; the Romantic Age didn't have a king or queen, but they did during the Victorian Period. They were similar and different in writing styles, and beliefs. The Industrial Revolution also had a huge effect on both time periods. The Romantic Period was from 1784 until 1832, it brought a more brave, individual, and...

The Victorian Age Attitudes Between Social Classes

1229 words - 5 pages The Victorian Age saw the development of intricate social classes. These social classes did not just hang over people’s heads, but was an important part of life in the Victorian Age. The classes continued to develop, and distinct classes began to show. The upper, middle, and lower class all emerged, with each class based on their income and style of living (Cody). The classes began to build feelings on one another. The lower class was left...

Entitled The Effects of the "Gilded Age".

537 words - 2 pages The term "Gilded Age" refers to the post-Reconstruction era in the late 1800's. The phrase originally began with Mark Twain. Gilded means "covered with a thin layer of gold," and so the Gilded Age implied that while this time period seemed to be a prosperous one for America, only a thin layer of prosperity covered the poverty and corruption of the time period. While many labels have been used to describe the time period, the "Gilded Age" is...

The role of religion in Victorian Britain

1528 words - 6 pages What role did religion play in Victorian society?As established by Henry VIII in 1550 to distance himself from the Catholic Church and the Pope (and make it possible for him to divorce his first wife, Catherine of Aragon), the official religion of England at the beginning of the Victorian period, circa 1850, was...

British women during the victorian age and in "Sense and Sensibility" by Jane Austen

3145 words - 13 pages This essay deals with the status of upper- and upper middle class British women from the Victorian era to the twenty-first century. I will look at how women came to be equal with men and what the steps leading to equality were. However, the main focus of the essay will be on how women are treated in Sense and Sensibility by Jane Austen, how it reflects its time and how you can see the conditions as a backdrop for the fictional story. I will...

The Reflection of Victorian Britain in Literature

4298 words - 17 pages The Reflection of Victorian Britain in Literature Queen Victoria reigned in Britain between 1937-1901. During this time in British history a large degree of change occurred. The writers of the time often reflected these substantial changes in their literature focusing on the interests of society. I have studied a variety of literature from the Victorian period and have chosen to write about three particular pieces; 'The Signalman' by...

The Victorian Age Of Literature Essay

The Victorian Age lasted from 1837 to 1901. Ironically, Queen Victoria lived from 1837 to 1901. By the beginning of the Victorian period, the Industrial Revolution, as this shift was called, had created profound economic and social changes, including a mass migration of workers to industrial towns, where they lived in new urban slums. But the changes arising out of the Industrial Revolution were just one small group of radical changes taking place in mid- and late-nineteenth-century Britain. Among others were the democratization resulting from extension of the franchise; challenges to religious faith, in part based on the advances of scientific knowledge, particularly of evolution; and changes in the role of women. All of these issues, and the controversies attending them, made up the basis of Victorian literature. In part because of the expansion of newspapers and the periodical press, debate about political and social issues played an important role in the experience of the reading public. The poetry of this period was a direct reflection of the popular attitudes of the time.

During the Victorian Period, long held and comfortable religious beliefs fell under great scrutiny. An early blow to these beliefs came from the Utilitarian followers of Jeremy Bantam, in the form of a test by reason of many of the long-standing institutions of England, including the church. When seen through the eyes of reason, religion became "merely an outmoded superstition" (Ford & Christ 896). If this were not enough for the faithful to contend with, the torch of doubt was soon passed to the scientists. Geologists were publishing the results of their studies which concluded that the Earth was far older than the biblical accounts would have it (Ford & Christ 897). Astronomers were extending humanity's knowledge of stellar distances, and Natural Historians such as Charles Darwin were swiftly building theories of evolution that defied the Old Testament version of creation (Ford & Christ 897). God seemed to be dissolving before a panicked England's very eyes, replaced by the vision of a cold, mechanistic universe that cared little for our existence. The major early Victorian poets took the role of secular prophets, often expressing a longing for the free play of imaginative life. For Alfred Lord Tennyson, this longing found ambivalent expression in his early lyrics; his major work, In Memoriam (1850), translated personal grief into an affirmation of religious faith.

Alfred Lord Tennyson was painfully aware of the implications of such a "Godless" universe, and he struggled with his own doubts about the existence of God. We glimpse much of his struggles in the poem In Memorial A. H. H., written in memory of his deceased friend,

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The Life of Women in the Victorian Age

1202 words - 5 pages Women, although many a times not as powerful as men physically have long been a strong force in society, especially in the Victorian Age, where they had obvious contributions in ways that have seen positive effects to this present day. Prominent, among many other successful women of the Victorian age who departed from their usual roles assigned in the hierarchy of society were Florence Nightingale, Madam Curie and Harriet Beecher Stowe. The...

"The Age of Innocence" - Women's Struggle With Victorian Dogma

800 words - 3 pages Unlike Fitzgerald’s The Great Gatsby and Kästner’s Fabian, Edith Wharton’s Pulitzer Prize winning work, The Age of Innocence (1920) is not set after World War I. In fact, her work is set prior to it at the turn of the century. She describes Old New York from late 19th and early 20th century in great detail, “New York society and customs…are described with an accuracy that is almost uncanny: to read these pages is to live again.” She also looks...

The Romantic Age vs. The Victorian Period

1196 words - 5 pages The Romantic Age and Victorian Period had many similarities, but they had just as many or more differences. They first differed in rule; the Romantic Age didn't have a king or queen, but they did during the Victorian Period. They were similar and different in writing styles, and beliefs. The Industrial Revolution also had a huge effect on both time periods. The Romantic Period was from 1784 until 1832, it brought a more brave, individual, and...

The Victorian Age Attitudes Between Social Classes

1229 words - 5 pages The Victorian Age saw the development of intricate social classes. These social classes did not just hang over people’s heads, but was an important part of life in the Victorian Age. The classes continued to develop, and distinct classes began to show. The upper, middle, and lower class all emerged, with each class based on their income and style of living (Cody). The classes began to build feelings on one another. The lower class was left...

The Theme Of Coming Of Age In Literature

1703 words - 7 pages The Theme of Coming of Age in Literature There comes a time is each person's life when they reach the point where they are no longer children, but adults. The transition from a child into a young adult is often referred to as the "coming of age," or growing up. The time when this transition occurs is different in everyone, since everyone is an individual and no two people are alike. Certain children reach this stage through a tragic,...

The Repression of Women in Victorian Society as Shown in 19th Century Literature

1283 words - 5 pages The Repression of Women in Victorian Society as Shown in 19th Century Literature 19th century literature reflects to a certain extent, several ways in which women were repressed in Victorian society. They were considered inferior to men, and given a stereotypical image, showing them as gentle, loyal and angelic. They were rejected of any personal opinions or independence, for...

Benjamin Disraeli: An Analytical Comparison of the Victorian Age Intellectual with Contemporaries Charles Dickens and Thomas Carlyle

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Mothers of the Victorian Period

913 words - 4 pages Mothers of the Victorian Period   There is no doubt in the fact that motherhood has changed throughout history in the way that it is practiced and perceived. Although hard to classify motherhood as an "easy" task in any time period, mothers of the Victorian period were among those who have had it the hardest. For example, Natalie McKnight, author of Suffering Mothers in Mid-Victorian Novels, states: "When I first began studying the lives of...

British women during the victorian age and in "Sense and Sensibility" by Jane Austen

3145 words - 13 pages This essay deals with the status of upper- and upper middle class British women from the Victorian era to the twenty-first century. I will look at how women came to be equal with men and what the steps leading to equality were. However, the main focus of the essay will be on how women are treated in Sense and Sensibility by Jane Austen, how it reflects its time and how you can see the conditions as a backdrop for the fictional story. I will...

The Voice of Victorian “Longing like Despair”

2106 words - 8 pages Matthew Arnold’s Poetry: The Voice of Victorian “Longing like Despair” John Stuart Mill defined the Victorian Era as “an age of transition”, where “Mankind will not be led by their old maxims, nor by their old guides.” Other contemporary minds saw in this transition the main source of profound intellectual and moral confusion, “that may validly be described as a crisis of personal identity.” (R. A. Forsyth) The poet and Victorian literary...

Leaders and Businessmen of the Victorian Era

561 words - 2 pages Uneducated Gentlemen: The Leaders and Businessmen of the Victorian Era Changing Intentions of Public Education The public education system in Victorian England was originally intended for the education of the poorer working classes, and the training of clergy (Landow, par. 2). The children of the upper classes were often educated at home by private tutors, and therefore it was assumed the public schools would be a place for members of the...

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